October 16, 2023
Enterprise IoT application development can provide more visibility and control over enterprise devices and automate operational processes. With sensors and actuators, wearables, devices, and data storing and processing systems, IoT infrastructures help enterprises proactively monitor employees, assets, and facilities, gain insights into the company’s operation, and make smarter data-driven business decisions.
With the value IoT technologies can bring to businesses, the enterprise IoT market continues to grow rapidly. Here are some notable figures regarding the fast pace of IoT adoption.
the economic value IoT will reach by 2030
the market share that SME segment held in 2021
CAGR of the enterprise segment from 2022 to 2030
Scheme title: Disaggregation of economic value by IoT use-case cluster
Data source: mckinsey.com — The Internet of Things: Catching up to an accelerating opportunity, 2021
An IoT infrastructure represents a range of interconnected physical devices with sensors and actuators, platforms and applications for IoT management, as well as data storing and processing tools.
Sensors capture the information from the physical environment (e.g., heat, light, pressure, etc.) and by wire or wirelessly transmit it to connected devices. Actuators, in their turn, act on data collected from connected devices and can perform a physical action (e.g., turn on/off ventilation). Both sensors and actuators are configured through the devices they are linked to.
Devices are hardware components with embedded firmware (routers, smartphones, tablets, etc.) that receive, process, and transmit data from sensors and actuators.
IoT gateway, or the abstraction layer, receives data in its primary format from the devices and translates the information into the necessary format, mediating data exchange. It is needed when an IoT device cannot link directly to the IoT platform. In addition, IoT Edge is used when it is more reasonable to collect and process data without actually transmitting it to the cloud.
The IoT integration middleware includes infrastructure and integration layers responsible for the general system functioning, container management, device management, APIs and connectivity management, as well as data storage and analytics mechanisms.
The application layer represents the software that requests data from the sensors and performs physical actions through actuators, utilizing the IoT integration middleware. Applications control assets, monitor facilities, and process data to achieve particular business objectives.
The security infrastructure covers all components of the IoT architecture and ensures data privacy, industry regulatory compliance, and device safety.
Enterprise IoT can facilitate the management of a distributed ecosystem of high-tech, conventional, stationary, or movable physical assets. Uniting the wealth of equipment, devices, and other assets into a single IoT ecosystem, companies can keep track of their location and get credible information on each item’s state anytime. Apart from ensuring accountability, the system helps protect the assets from theft and detect their location accurately in case of loss.
IoT solutions in enterprise buildings can automate the process of office equipment maintenance. By gathering data on equipment exploitation, performance, energy consumption, errors, and updates, IoT sensors help monitor the condition of all types of office equipment, from HVAC and smart locks to laptops and printers. Such continuous monitoring makes it possible to timely alert the team when the appliances require maintenance before the actual breakdown.
The activity information from each IoT-enabled device can be instantly transmitted into a unified database, creating a steady digital trail of all security events within the enterprise. In case of intrusion on-premises, this information can be passed on from surveillance cameras to door locks, immediately blocking the closest ones and thus stalling the perpetrator’s progress. With suitable devices in its infrastructure, enterprise IoT solutions can also enable access control through facial identification, voice and biometric recognition, movement tracking, and intelligent door-locking systems. Every lock in the building can have an access controller and require a card with an assigned IP address to enter the room.
Smart lighting systems encompass digital and motion sensors, communications interfaces, actuators, and lighting devices. They are programmed to operate remotely and can be used to change the light spectrum and color or adjust the level of illumination when a motion sensor detects activity. IoT sensors allow the HVAC equipment to measure air temperature, humidity, and purity, consider weather predictions, and monitor HVAC usage trends, so the indoor climate always stays optimal for employees.
IoT technologies can also prove valuable for building and workspace occupancy monitoring, allowing for real-time space management and efficient resource allocation. IoT technologies provide real-time data on space, meeting rooms, and desk utilization with cameras, infrared sensors, and access control tools installed across office facilities. As a result, such occupancy monitoring solutions provide accurate insights into how effectively the office space is used and help make data-driven decisions on space allocation, saving costs on unused desks and rooms.
Enterprises can utilize IoT solutions to monitor and control energy consumption in their commercial buildings. Smart sensors collect data on energy usage, HVAC utilization as well as facility occupancy to determine electricity overconsumption and optimize lighting and heating patterns across the building. For instance, the IoT infrastructure can detect that the C-suite uses the meeting room once every two weeks and reduce the temperature there for the period of non-use. This way, IoT will help save money on energy bills and reduce environmental impact.
IoT can help large enterprises with numerous car owners optimize their parking. Companies can ensure only their employees have access to the parking spaces by implementing intelligent parking systems where the parking gate arm opens with a smartphone or a special remote controller. They can also apply visual image processing and optical recognition technology to identify the car and automatically open the gate to the parking lot. Enterprises with large parking areas can also utilize the system’s hardware sensors to detect available parking slots and communicate the information to the drivers via their smartphones.
Let’s explore real-life cases of how IoT technologies transform traditional enterprise environments.
When moving to a new office, a Swedish installation company Bravida decided to implement a smart lighting technology to ensure proper and even lighting and to meet the indoor lighting norm. For this, Bravida took the initiative to implement AI-powered lighting controls. Lamps communicate with each other wirelessly using built-in nodes and sensors connected to the main LED driver. The lights switch off automatically after 15 minutes of space vacancy to save energy. Since the rooms in the office have transparent walls, the lights outside a room in the corridor are kept turned on when the room is in use for additional comfort of the employees.
Here are our top 5 technology trends set to advance or optimize IoT systems employed across enterprises.
With the help of 5G, occupancy management can be more efficient due to better sensor connectivity in buildings. This will prove especially useful for large facilities with many assets to monitor and maintain. Moreover, industrial IoT can significantly benefit from 5G adoption. Operating assets and manufacturing lines can be visually inspected with remote controllers. Then, taking advantage of low latency, an AI-powered system will analyze the received data about product or equipment defects faster.
By implementing IoT solutions, businesses can set up predictive maintenance and save on considerable equipment repair costs. For example, utilizing the power of real-time data analysis, smart building systems allow companies to monitor and control HVAC systems and take action before disruptions occur, reducing repair expenses.
IoT sensors and devices can monitor energy consumption levels in the office. Relying on data from occupancy monitoring sensors, enterprises can set up an automatic system for thermostats and HVAC systems regulation, reducing energy consumption and lowering utility costs.
IoT technologies create a more productive work environment by automating such routine tasks as checking room availability and room booking. Smart meeting rooms with IoT-enabled devices like smart boards or interactive displays can also foster employee communication and collaboration. Moreover, with sensors continuously monitoring indoor air quality, temperature, humidity, and lighting, enterprise IoT can make the working environment more comfortable.
IoT systems help ensure workplace security by providing real-time perimeter monitoring and allowing for early threat response. Integrated into smart office buildings, sensors, surveillance cameras, and IoT access control systems help monitor the employees' and equipment's safety and protect offices against intrusions and physical attacks.
Despite the growing popularity of IoT solutions, about 35% of IoT projects fail during PoC or trial stages, according to a study by Microsoft. Here are the most common problems companies face when adopting IoT in their enterprises and how to overcome them.
Smart devices, IoT gateways, and data centers collect, process, and store sensitive data, which makes them an attractive target for hacker attacks. However, many IoT devices lack the computational capacity for built-in security mechanisms and receiving updates over the internet, which allows cybercriminals to gain access to enterprise infrastructure.
Finally, we recommend attracting experienced IoT software developers and cybersecurity experts to ensure your IoT system follows the NIST guide on IoT device cybersecurity.
Many companies treat IoT implementation solely as a tech project rather than a comprehensive digital transformation. As a result, IoT adoption projects tend to fail due to employee resistance and poor adoption.
Interoperability and compatibility issues arise when different elements of the IoT ecosystem (devices, platforms, and protocols) utilize different architectures and data formats to communicate. Lack of interoperability prevents the adoption of more complex IoT technologies, machine learning, or digital twins and leads to vendor lock-in.
Although today many IoT platform vendors are working together to ensure superior interoperability and more centralized architectures of IoT devices, enterprises can also take several steps to ensure their IoT devices are interoperable and compatible.
The Internet of Things is reshaping the ways enterprises handle their assets and operations. Despite apparent and inevitable adoption challenges, organizations are increasingly interested in IoT to digitalize and streamline enterprise workflows. IoT can help companies reduce operational costs, improve employee productivity, optimize office energy consumption, and ensure the security of their staff and buildings. If you are considering IoT implementation, we are ready to develop and integrate a powerful IoT solution for your enterprise to streamline your day-to-day office, asset and employee management.
We provide professional IoT solution development services, delivering solutions that efficiently manage the network of diverse connected devices and generate real-time insights.
Our team implements solutions increase enterprise efficiency through reduced human effort, minimized resource consumption, and expedited workflows.
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